Pugs are susceptible to a variety of skin disorders. The skin folds on their faces create a favorable environment for the growth and multiplication of bacteria and fungi which have been associated with common health problems of the skin.
Pugs can also suffer from hypersensitivity reactions to potential allergens present in dog food and in the environment. These allergies are usually manifested by intense itching and irritation.
Pyoderma is a skin infection characterized by the presence of pustules that discharge thick, white pus. The Pug’s skin folds are infected and may appear reddish and moist.
A Pug suffering from Pyoderma may constantly lick and scratch at the affected areas and in some cases partial hair loss, often characterize the infection.
The infection typically responds favorably to medical treatment. Treatment is generally done on an outpatient basis and will involve external (topical) medications, as well as antibiotics for the infection.
Pugs have a higher risk of developing an infection when they have a fungal infection or an endocrine disease such as hyperthyroidism, or have allergies to fleas, food ingredients, or parasites.
Ringworm is a fungal infection of the skin. It is named after the ring-shaped skin lesion which is a common symptom of the disease. There are several species of fungi which have been implicated in ringworm infections in dogs like Microsporum canis, Microsporum gypseum, and Trichophyton mentagrophytes.
A Pug suffering from ringworm also manifests hair loss and scaly skin on the affected site.
There is a big possibility that Ringworm lesions can be invaded by secondary bacterial infections resulting in the formation of pustules and papules.
Adult dogs seldom suffer from a generalized form of Ringworm infection because their immune systems are strong and healthy. However, dogs with compromised immune systems are generally prone to developing the generalized form of the skin disease.
Your veterinarian may conduct a test called the Wood’s Lamp to make a definite diagnosis. A Dermatophytosis (DTM) culture can also help demonstrate and identify the specific fungal species causing the Ringworm infection.
Ringworm is commonly treated with topical antifungal preparations or rinses especially with the generalized form of the infection. Clotrimazole or Miconazole can be applied topically to treat local lesions. In severe cases, systemic treatment may be necessary.
Because people hear the “worm” in ringworm they sometimes believe there are actual worms in ringworm. This is not true at all. Ringworm is not a worm but rather a fungus.
Puppies less than a year old are most prone to infection, and because transmission of the ringworm fungus can occur via contact with infected animals and bedding, dishes and other materials in the environment where infected hair or scales may collect, ringworm can quickly spread in kennels, shelters and other places where there are many dogs in a close environment.
University of Georgia college of veterinary medicine