The most common pug eye problems - Furry Ark
pug eye problems

The most common pug eye problems

  • April 26, 2017
  • / By Gus
1.- Cataracts

Pug cataracts is usually genetic and causes the dog’s vision will worsen, eventually to the point of blindness.

How to identify if my pug has cataracts?

You should look for a characteristic cloudy blue tint to their eyeball.

What to do?

It´s a problem that requires an operation, but the good new is that most of vet can easily treat them.

What does the surgery consist of?

Surgery to remove cataracts is done under general anesthesia. A small incision is made in the eye, and most often a procedure called phacoemulsification, which is the same technique used on human cataracts, is employed to break down the cataract and remove the cloudy lens.

The lens is removed from the lens capsule, and in most patients the lens can be replaced with an implant. The implant is permanent and can restore almost normal vision to your pet and in some cases, completely normal vision is achieved.

And what about the recuperation?

Successful cataract surgery results in an immediate and profound cure for pets who’ve been suffering from decreased vision. Recovery is fast and soon your dog will feel perfect.

Sources: Association for Animal Hospice and Palliative Care, International Veterinary Academy of Pain Management.
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2.- Corneal Ulcer

Are caused by injuries and are usually caused by a cat scratch, thorn or other objects.

How to identify if my pug has corneal ulcers?

It´s difficult to see and may require the use of a special light to be diagnosed, but in most of case you can watch a lot of tears or a partially closed eye.

What to do?

You can wash your dog’s eyes out with ¼ teaspoon of sea salt with a cotton ball 4 times per day.
If your dog continues with the injury may be more serious and you should seek veterinary help.

But what is the cornea ulcer?

The cornea is the outermost covering or layer of your pug. The cornea is transparent and admits light into the eye.

Corneal ulcers are wounds to the cornea usually caused by an abrasion, scratch, puncture or other trauma to the eye.

These ulcers, sometimes called ulcerative keratitis, are a common eye injury in dogs. They can cause a great deal of irritation and discomfort for your pet.

What will the vet do?

A test can include a dry eye test, analysis of facial nerve function, cultures to look for bacteria or fungi, and blood tests to check for the presence of viral infection.

Treatment can include topical antibiotic therapy, pain medication and drugs to control eye muscle spasms. More serious ulcers may require sutures, conjunctival grafts, conjunctival flaps, the insertion of soft contact lenses, or even a corneal transplant.

Sources: Dr. Karen Becker, American veterinary Medical Association International. National Wildlife Rehabilitators Association

3.- Distichiasis

It´s an hereditary problem in certain breed of dogs like the pugs

How to identify If my pug has Distichiasis?

The distichiae irritate the eye and cause inflammation, including the number of extra eyelashes, their size and their stiffness.

What to do?

Usually, the treatment consists of ophthalmic lubricants to protect the cornea and coat the lashes with a lubricant film.
In complicated cases your vet may recommend referral to an ophthalmologist for surgical treatment.

More about…

A distichia is an eyelash that arises from an abnormal location on the eyelid or grows in an abnormal direction. The condition in which these abnormal eyelashes are found is called distichiasis.

Do you need to know more about the distichiasis?

The symptoms will vary with the severity of the condition, including the number of extra eyelashes, their size and their stiffness. In some cases, when the extra eyelashes are very soft, the patient does not show any symptoms. In other cases, the distichiae irritate the eye and cause inflammation, eye discharges and pain.

You may notice redness or inflammation of the eye and excessive tearing or other discharges from the affected eye. Diagnosis is usually made by identifying lashes emerging from the meibomian gland openings or by observing lashes that touch the cornea or the conjunctival lining of the affected eye.

What about the treatment?

The treatment mainly consists of the use of ophthalmic lubricants to protect the cornea and coat the lashes with a lubricant film, in some cases, the distichiae may be manually removed.

If your pug continues to rub or paw at its face, indicating that the condition is irritating to him or her, surgical correction is the treatment of choice. The goal of surgery is first to remove the offending eyelashes and second to kill the hair follicles so that the distichiae do not recur.
Sources: VCA Animal Hospital

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